Impact of International Trade and Trade Duties on Current Account Balance of the Balance of Payment: A study of N-11 Countries

  • Furqan Ahmed Research Scholar, Iqra University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Lubna Khan Research Associate, IQRA University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Fatima Farooq Assistant Professor, School of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan
  • Tahir Suleman Assistant Professor, Department of Accountancy & Finance,University of Otago, New Zealand
Keywords: Current Account Balance (CAB), International Trade, Trade Duties, Import (IMPT), Exports (EXPT), Taxes On International Trade (TOIT), Custom and Other Import Duties (CID)


This study is aimed to investigate the impact of international trade and trade duties upon the current account balance of the balance of payment of N-11 countries. Two constituents of each factor have been considered for the purpose of analysis. For International trade, import (IMPT) and export (EXPT) of goods and services have been considered whereas, for trade duties, taxes on international trade (TOIT) and customs and other import duties (CID) have been taken as the research variables whereas, current account balance (CAB) has been taken as the dependent variable. For the purpose of analysis panel data of N-11 countries for 27 years from 1990 to 2016 has been tested using different econometric technique such as Panel unit root test, Panel co-integration test, Hausman test, Panel regression analysis and Panel causality analysis. The results demonstrate that overall research variables are co-integrated and having long term relationship and affecting each other in the conventional manner. Notably, it is observed via results that in case of N-11 countries the CAB itself is the regulating factor and all other factors are adjusted according to the movement of CAB. The study provides recommendations for the rectification of current account deficit position and also provides scope for future research as well.


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Author Biography

Fatima Farooq, Assistant Professor, School of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan

Assistant Professor, School of Economics, Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan


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How to Cite
Furqan Ahmed, Lubna Khan, Farooq, F., & Tahir Suleman. (2020). Impact of International Trade and Trade Duties on Current Account Balance of the Balance of Payment: A study of N-11 Countries. Journal of Accounting and Finance in Emerging Economies, 6(1), 11-32.